SACRILEGE


SACRILEGE
SACRILEGE, the deliberate or inadvertent violation of sacred things. The Torah ordains the punishment of karet for anyone who deliberately flouts the sanctity of the Temple precincts or deviates in the slightest from any of the rules or rituals connected with its service. Under this heading comes slaughtering, offering, or partaking of the sacrifices outside their appointed time or place, entering the sanctuary, officiating, or eating holy things while ritually unclean or when disqualified by reason of non-priestly status (Lev. 17:1–9; 19:5–8; 22:1–16). The priest profaned his sacred office by officiating, when suffering from a blemish , when in mourning, or by contracting a forbidden union, such as marrying a divorcée, which disqualified his offspring from the priesthood and from marrying   a priest (Lev. 21). To make a replica of any of the utensils or ingredients, such as the incense used in the Temple, is also regarded as sacrilege (Ex. 30:32). The seriousness of the sin of sacrilege is underlined by the biblical stories of Nadab and Abihu, burnt to death for offering "strange fire," and the stoning of Achan for taking the spoils of war dedicated to the sanctuary (Lev. 10:1–2; Josh. 7). The inadvertent use of sacred things, termed me'ilah, is also penalized in the Pentateuch (Lev. 5:14ff.). The offender is required to bring a guilt offering and reimburse the Temple treasury to the value of the theft plus one-fifth. A whole tractate of the Talmud (see Me'ilah ) is devoted to the offense which became obsolete with the destruction of the Temple. But the principle involved lived on to safeguard the remaining sancta of Jewish life, in a carefully graded order of holiness: the Sefer Torah, religious articles such as tefillin and ẓiẓit, printed holy books, and the synagogue and its appurtenances. The rabbis adopted the formula of ma'alin bekodesh ve-ein moridin – "holiness may be increased but not decreased." The Mishnah in Megillah (3:1, 2) forbids the sale of a synagogue for a public bath or tannery, a Sefer Torah for books of lesser sanctity such as the Prophets. Even a disused synagogue may not be used as a shortcut or for spreading nets or drying fruit. Printed pages of holy books must be buried (see genizah ) out of respect for the name of God inscribed therein (see shemot ). No benefit may be derived from the dead, including the shroud or the corpse itself, except for the purpose of saving life (see autopsies ). Cemeteries must be treated with the utmost reverence, and it is not permitted to walk over the graves or pasture cattle there (Sh. Ar., YD 368). The scholar who adopted an irreverent approach to difficult passages in the Torah was guilty of sacrilege too (Maimonides, Hilkhot Me'ilah, end). Under a law promulgated by the State of Israel for safeguarding the holy sites of Judaism and other faiths (1967), there is a penalty of seven years' imprisonment for "profaning a holy place or violating it in any manner" (see holy places ). Detailed regulations have been gazetted by the Ministry of Religious Affairs prohibiting sacrilegious behavior at Jewish holy sites (Protection of Holy Places Law, 5727–1967, in: Laws of the State of Israel, 21 (1966/67), 76). These prohibit ritual slaughter, eating and drinking, smoking, sleeping, hawking, profanation of the Sabbath and festivals, and immodest dress. These regulations have been applied to Jewish holy sites in Jerusalem and other parts of Ereẓ Israel. After the Six-Day War the Israel Chief Rabbinate proclaimed it sacrilegious for a Jew to enter the Temple Mount because of ritual defilement. (Aryeh Newman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • sacrilége — 1. (sa kri lè j ) s. m. 1°   Action impie par laquelle on profane les choses sacrées. •   La lettre que vous écrivez à votre frère est admirable ; vous aviez très bien deviné : il est dans le bel air par dessus les yeux, point de Pâques, point de …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Sacrilege — • The violation or injurious treatment of a sacred object. In a less proper sense any transgression against the virtue of religion would be a sacrilege Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sacrilege     Sacrilege …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sacrilege — is the violation or injurious treatment of a sacred object. In a less proper sense, any transgression against the virtue of religion would be a sacrilege. It can come in the form of irreverence to sacred persons, places, and things. When the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sacrilege — Sac ri*lege, n. [F. sacril[ e]ge, L. sacrilegium, from sacrilegus that steals, properly, gathers or picks up, sacred things; sacer sacred + legere to gather, pick up. See {Sacred}, and {Legend}.] The sin or crime of violating or profaning sacred… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sacrilege — est un groupe de Death metal mélodique, originaire de la ville de Göteborg, en Suède. Il fut formé en 1993, se sépara en 1999, puis se reforma de nouveau en 2006, avec l ajout des lettre GBG à la fin de leur nom. Le groupe fit deux démos avant de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sacrilege — index blasphemy Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 sacrilege …   Law dictionary

  • sacrilège — SACRILÈGE: C est un sacrilège d abattre un arbre …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

  • sacrilege — (n.) c.1300, crime of stealing what is consecrated to God, from O.Fr. sacrilege (12c.), from L. sacrilegium temple robbery, from sacrilegus stealer of sacred things, from phrase sacrum legere to steal sacred things, from sacrum sacred object… …   Etymology dictionary

  • sacrilege — Sacrilege, Larron de choses sacrées, Sacrilegus. Sacrilege, Larcin des choses sacrées, Sacrilegium. Qui sont in sacris, Sacris alligati et astricti. B …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • sacrilege — [sak′rə lij΄] n. [ME < MFr < L sacrilegium < sacrilegus, temple robber < sacer, SACRED + legere, to gather up, take away: see LOGIC] 1. the act of appropriating to oneself or to secular use, or of violating, what is consecrated to God …   English World dictionary